Multiple Sclerosis is a debilitating and often-misunderstood auto-immune disorder that is more common iin adults. It is a disease in which the body attacks it’s own brain neurones and those of the spinal cord. Up till date, it is still not clear on the exxact causes of this condition however, some of the findings have over the years revealed that there are several contributing factors that may make an individual more prone to developing Multiple Sclerosis in life such as genetics and environmental factors.
Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS):
One of the earliest signs, even after plenty of sleep, fatigue can still affect those with MS.
2. Movement and Coordination Impairment
Issues with movement such as walking are fairly common signs of MS. This occurs due to numbness in the feet, muscle weakness, and muscle spasms.
3. Numbness and Muscle Weakness
Nmbness of the limbs and muscle weakness are also among the early symptoms of MS. Usually apart from the limbs, it affects other areas such as the face, or body and when present with muscle weakness, can result in gross impairment with mobility.
Spasticity refers to muscle spasms that can cause problems with movement. Stiffness of the limbs affecting the arms and legs is one of the major and common symptoms of MS.
5. Visual Impairment
One of the challenging signs of MS is blurred, hazy, or double vision. There can also be eye pain associated with changes in vision and this usually results when the disease has affected the optic nerve that carries sensation and vision fron the eyes.
6. Brain Impairment
The thought process can become slower or more difficult in some cases of MS. This is due to the attack on the body’s nerves to the brain. In particular, memory and the ability to focus are reduced and this may result in forgetfulness.
One of the symptoms of MS that often accompanies MS is chronic pain, which can affect about half all of those with MS.
8. Issues with Swallowing or Speech
Damage to the nerves controlling the mouth and throat can result in difficulty with swallowing and can be present while eating solid, semi solif food or drink. Speech issues can include hoarseness and slurring of words. These symptoms can affect up to forty percent of people with MS.
9. Bladder and Bowel Issues
In nearly eighty percent of cases, bladder dysfunction occurs but is easily worked with. Bowel issues can include constipation and loose bowels, and often stomach issues as well.
A less common issue with MS, uncontrollable shaking can occur in various parts of the body. Tremors can be hard to deal with, and are difficult to treat as well. There are several ways a physician can determine if a person is suffering from MS, including taking a family history, collecting spinal fluid, and running electrical tests on nerves. With a diagnosis of MS, there can be many signs of MS, but not all of them will affect each person. Although MS is a difficult disease to live with, there are treatment options to make living with MS easier. Physicians can help with a variety of medication options as well as practical advice for day-to-day management of living with MS so it is advisable to report to a physician when any of your loved ones is experiencing any of the symptoms outlined in this article.